Appellation Guide: Saint-Péray AOC (Rhône Valley, France)
Saint-Péray, sitting tranquil on the west bank of the Rhône is a small appellation in producing both still and sparkling white wine. Wine has long been produced in the region, and 10th century monks in particular have gone to great lengths to document the cultivation of grapes behind the town, but its modern identity emerged alongside the developments in thinking and science that were taking place much further north in Champagne.
In 1826 Louis-Alexandre Faure, a local winemaker, produced the first sparkling wine and a few years later in 1829, inspired by the ideas and progress in Epernay, the first “sparkling” Saint-Péray wine was bottled.
In 1936 the appellation was founded and immediatley found the fashion on its side.
Saint-Péray is awash with celebrity tales and anecdotes. Napoleon is thought to have been a keen admirer of the local wines white stationed as a cadet in nearby Valance. Legend also has it that Richard Wagner composed Parsifal having drunk Saint-Péray; mid way through composition, so the story goes, he ordered 100 bottles to be shipped up to him in Bayreuth. Lamartine, Daudet, Maupassant, and Baudelaire all make reference to the wine in their work.
Today two grape varieties give Saint-Péray is identity, Marsanne and Rousanne.
Despite the legacy, the appellation faces a tough future. Just because things have been done in a certain way for a long time, doesn't mean it's the right way to do them. Critics of the wine often point to the largely granite soils and their likely suitablity for Syrah, rather than Marsanne or Rousanne. It's a position that's hard to disagree with. Just a mile away, the exceptionally brilliant wines of Cornas are made from Syrah on very similar soils.
Recommended Producers: Bernard Grippa | Jean Francois Chabaud | Marcel Juge |